Daily: 03/08/2022

Естонія розробила план допомоги інвестиціями в інфраструктуру та освіту Житомирщини – Рейнсалу

Естонія була однією з перших держав, які підтримали Україну в питанні надання зброї

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Зеленський після заяв Шредера – «огидно», коли колишні лідери держав працюють на Росію

Такі слова президента озвучені на тлі заяв ексканцлера Німеччини Герхарда Шредера, що Путін буцімто хоче дипломатичного врегулювання війни з Україною

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Iceland on Code Red as Volcano Erupts

A code red alert has been declared in Iceland after a volcano erupted Wednesday near the capital, Reykjavik, at a site that erupted last year, the Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO) said.

The IMO said the eruption took place in an unpopulated area 30 kilometers from the capital city and that no lives were in danger. 

The eruption is near the site of the Mount Fagradalsfjall volcano, which had been active from March to September of 2021.

If Wednesday’s volcanic activity is confirmed to be similar to the fissures seen last year, the code red aviation alert could be lowered to orange, signaling less danger, an agency spokesperson said.

Lava is reportedly coming from a crack in the ground, according to natural hazard specialist Einar Hjorleifsson, who spoke to Bloomberg.  

Iceland is also known for earthquakes that sometimes cause volcanic eruptions because two of the earth’s largest tectonic plates lie under the country.

Iceland has 32 volcanic areas that are currently active, the highest number in Europe. 

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На складі онлайн-продажів у Підмосков’ї виникла масштабна пожежа, є жертви

На складі онлайн-ретейлера Ozon у підмосковній Істрі у середу виникла масштабна пожежа – вогнем охопило 50 тисяч квадратних метрів за загальної площі приміщення у 40 тисяч квадратних метрів. Повідомляється, що внаслідок пожежі одна людина загинула і 13 постраждали.

З приміщення евакуювали понад тисячу співробітників.

Російські ЗМІ пишуть, що серед основних версій виникнення пожежі – підпал. Також не виключають короткого замикання та недотримання техніки безпеки.

За фактом пожежі розпочато перевірку.

Ozon – один із перших російських універсальних інтернет-магазинів.

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У невизнаному Нагірному Карабаху оголосили часткову мобілізацію

Конфлікт між Вірменією та Азербайджаном загострився восени 2020 року

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На Бахмутському напрямку і поблизу Мар’їнки спроби штурму військ РФ відбито – Генштаб

Триває сто шістдесят перша доба війни РФ проти України

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Швейцарія приєдналася до санкцій ЄС проти Росії – заборонила імпорт золота та заморозила активи Сбербанку

Раніше заборону на імпорт золота з Росії запровадили Канада, Великобританія, Японія та США

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Після низки зустрічей Ненсі Пелосі залишила Тайвань

Літак спікера Палати представників США Ненсі Пелосі у середу вилетів із острова Тайвань, повідомляють ЗМІ.

У своєму твіттері Пелосі, серед іншого, повідомила про зустріч американської делегації з президенткою Тайваню.

«Ми обговорили, як Америка і Тайвань можуть поглибити наші економічні зв’язки, ще більше зміцнити наше партнерство у сфері безпеки та захистити наші спільні демократичні цінності», – написала вона.

Кім того, американська делегація також зустрілася з представниками законодавчої влади. 

Цей візит викликав велику увагу світових ЗМІ та політиків, оскільки спровокував різке невдоволення Пекіна.

За словами Ненсі Пелосі, цей візит «вшановує непохитну відданість Америки підтримці активній демократії Тайваню».

Китай засудив візит Пелосі, заявивши, що це завдає серйозної шкоди миру та стабільності в Тайванській протоці. У заяві Міністерства закордонних справ йдеться, що це матиме «серйозний вплив на політичний фундамент відносин Китаю та США».

Китай, який розглядає Тайвань як відступницьку провінцію, яку в разі потреби буде анексовано силою, розглядає контакти офіційних осіб США з Тайванем як спробу зробити фактичну незалежність острова, яка існує десятиліттями, незворотною. Офіційні особи США відкинули це твердження.

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Biden Celebrates Semiconductor Legislation to Boost US Competitiveness Against China

President Joe Biden virtually joined Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer Tuesday to celebrate the CHIPS and Science Act, which aims to boost U.S. competitiveness against China by allocating billions of dollars toward domestic semiconductor manufacturing and scientific research.

“This bill makes it clear the world’s leading innovation will happen in America. We will both invent in America and make it in America,” Biden said. He was scheduled to join the event in person but had to remain in isolation after testing positive for COVID-19 again on Saturday in what his physician described as a “rebound” case.

In the coming days, Biden is expected to sign the legislation, which passed in a 243-187 vote in the House of Representatives and 64-33 vote in the Senate last week.

The $280 billion act includes $52 billion in incentives for domestic semiconductor production and research, as well as an investment tax credit for semiconductor manufacturing. Advocates say it will allow the U.S. to catch up in the global semiconductor manufacturing race currently dominated by China, Taiwan and South Korea.

Last year, a semiconductor shortage affected the supply of automobiles, electronic appliances and other goods, causing higher inflation globally and pummeling Biden’s public approval among American voters.

Michigan, a major hub for the American auto industry, has been one of the states hardest hit by the semiconductor shortage.

“This bill will mean humming factories and lower costs on electronics, medical devices, farm equipment and cars for working families,” Whitmer said.

The act includes $4.2 billion to fund defense initiatives and the U.S. mobile broadband market, particularly efforts to promote non-Chinese 5G equipment manufacturing.

Catching up with China

The U.S. share of global semiconductor manufacturing capacity has decreased from 37% in 1990 to 12% today, largely because other governments have offered manufacturing incentives and invested in research to strengthen domestic chipmaking capabilities, according to a state of the industry report by the Semiconductor Industry Association.

Now China accounts for 24% of the world’s semiconductor production, followed by Taiwan at 21%, South Korea at 19% and Japan at 13%, the report said.

With the CHIPS Act, the administration hopes to bring as much semiconductor manufacturing to the U.S. as practically possible, said Bonnie Glick, director of the Krach Institute for Tech Diplomacy at Purdue University.

“And what can’t be reasonably onshore, either because it’s cost prohibitive or other allied countries simply do it better, we can ally-shore manufacturing and support that,” she told VOA.

The two allies the administration has leveraged are South Korea and Japan, both of which Biden visited in May. In Seoul, he toured a Samsung computer chip factory that is the model for a $17 billion facility that the South Korean technology giant is setting up in the U.S. state of Texas.

Last week, the U.S. and Japan launched a new joint international semiconductor research hub under a “bilateral chip technology partnership” to bolster manufacturing for 2-nanometer chips as early as 2025.

Washington has also persuaded Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. (TSMC) to open a U.S. foundry to produce advanced semiconductors. The $12 billion facility in the state of Arizona was completed last month and is scheduled to start production of 5 nm chips by 2024. TMSC also has plants in China.

“We’re back in the game,” Biden said Tuesday. “Remember, we invented these chips, we modernized these chips, we made them work, and there’s a lot more we can get done.”

The CHIPS Act has laid out a clear strategy for Washington, said Volker Sorger, director of the Devices & Intelligent Systems Laboratory at the George Washington University.

“Gain autonomy and eliminate political dependencies on these global supply chain values,” Sorger told VOA.

That strategy puts the U.S. on a collision course with China, which also aims to be the global leader in semiconductors. In 2015, Beijing launched the Made in China 2025 project, which aimed to increase chip production from less than 10% of global demand at the time to 40% in 2020 and 70% in 2025.

The Made in China 2025 program and the People’s Liberation Army’s goal of military-civil fusion make it “overtly clear that Beijing is seeking to dominate global technology and supply chains through anti-competitive trade practices and infiltration of dual-use technology research,” Glick said.

The U.S. government has been pushing for stricter export regulations to China by prohibiting export of equipment needed for manufacturing chips at 14 nm and below. “That would mark an escalation from the previous ban covering 10 nm and below,” Glick added.

Taiwan’s strategic importance

Taiwan — a self-governed island that Beijing claims to be its breakaway province — lies at the heart of the increasingly tense U.S.-China rivalry.

Taipei has dominated manufacture of the world’s most high-tech chips, accounting for 92% of the global production of 10 nm or smaller semiconductors, essentially creating what some observers have characterized as a “silicon shield” that ensures American support in the event of a Chinese attack, as well as a deterrence to such a move.

A military conflict over Taiwan could disrupt TMSC’s semiconductor production and have disastrous effects on global manufacturing.

U.S.-China tensions are already spooking technology investors. TSMC shares fell nearly 3% on Tuesday as U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi landed in Taipei in a visit she said demonstrated American solidarity with the Taiwanese people.

Beijing has condemned the visit, the first by a U.S. House speaker in 25 years, as a threat to peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait.

Rare earths

The CHIPS Act does not include provisions to secure supply chains of rare earths — and other critical minerals used in semiconductors and other high-tech elements — to reduce the nation’s dependence on China, a major producer of these elements.

“I don’t know that we have developed a coherent strategy on accessing both rare and nonrare elements,” Glick said.

Last June, following Biden’s executive order to improve supply chains, the administration released a report concluding that the U.S. was overly reliant on China for critical minerals. Currently, China controls 87% of the global permanent magnet market, 55% of rare earths mining capacity and 85% of rare earths refining.

Earlier this year, the administration announced actions it said would bolster the supply chain of these elements, including a contract for U.S. company MP Materials to process heavy rare earth elements at its California production site — the first processing and separation facility of its kind in the nation.  

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Biden Celebrates Semiconductor Legislation to Boost US Competitiveness Against China

US President Joe Biden virtually joined Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer on Tuesday to celebrate the CHIPS and Science Act, which aims to boost US competitiveness against China by allocating billions of dollars toward domestic semiconductor manufacturing and research. White House Bureau Chief Patsy Widakuswara has this report.

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Шольц каже, що Росія блокує доставку своєї турбіни

Москва лише мала сказати, що «вона хоче отримати турбіну та надати необхідну митну інформацію для транспортування її до Росії»

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Кулеба підписав подання на призначення Венедіктової послом у Швейцарії

За словами міністра, практика політичних призначень на дипломатичні посади «завжди була, є і буде в усіх країнах»

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Britain’s Conservative Party Voting for Next PM Delayed After Hacking Alert

Voting by Britain’s Conservative Party members to pick the next prime minister has been delayed after a British spy agency warned that cyber hackers could change people’s ballots, The Telegraph reported on Tuesday.

There was no specific threat from a hostile state, and the advice was more general and about the voting process and its vulnerabilities, report added.

As a result of the concerns, the Conservative Party has been forced to abandon plans to allow members to change their vote for the next leader later in the contest, according to The Telegraph.

Postal ballots are also yet to be issued to the around 160,000 party members who have now been warned they could arrive as late as Aug. 11, the report added. The ballots were earlier due to be sent out from Monday, The Telegraph reported.

Former Finance Minister Rishi Sunak and Foreign Secretary Liz Truss are competing in the leadership contest to succeed Boris Johnson as the next British prime minister.

Truss leads in opinion polls among Conservative Party members, who will decide who becomes the next prime minister on Sept. 5 after weeks of voting.

The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) gathers communications from around the world to identify and disrupt threats to Britain. A spokesperson for the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), which is a part of the GCHQ, said that it provided advice to the Conservative Party.

“Defending UK democratic and electoral processes is a priority for the NCSC and we work closely with all Parliamentary political parties, local authorities and MPs to provide cyber security guidance and support,” an NCSC spokesperson told Reuters.

“As you would expect from the UK’s national cyber security authority we provided advice to the Conservative Party on security considerations for online leadership voting,” the spokesperson added.

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Tensions Rise Between Israel and Russia

Tensions between Jerusalem and Moscow are rising over a Russian attempt to close the Jewish Agency office in Moscow. The quasi-governmental Jewish Agency helps Jews immigrate to Israel, but Russia says it violates local laws by gathering information on Russian citizens. Israeli officials say they believe it has more to do with growing Israeli support for Ukraine. Linda Gradstein reports from Jerusalem.
Videographer: Ricki Rosen

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