Daily: 16/09/2020

Лукашенко розповів про «сценарій знищення Білорусі» та назвав Україну «американським сателітом»

16 вересня Олександр Лукашенко заявив, що знає про «реальні плани і тактику іноземних агресорів, навіть не супротивників Білорусі, але які готувались до поточних подій протягом останніх 10 років». Про це повідомляє «Белта».

«Щоб зняти всі маски відразу, назвемо цих гравців поіменно. На рівні глобальних центрів це насамперед США, точніше – їхня мережа фондів для підтримки так званої демократії. На європейському континенті активно діяли американські сателіти: Польща, Литва, Чехія і, на жаль, наша Україна», – заявив Лукашенко.

За його словами, кожна з країн «відпрацювала свою роль»: Чехія – «ресурсного центру», Польща – «спочатку інкубатора медіа-каналів («Белсат», Nexta та інші), а потім – місця для альтернативних органів у вигнанні», Литва – «тарану білорусько-європейських відносин», а Україна стала «форпостом політичних провокацій».

«Тактика організаторів базувалася на класичному американському підручнику кольорових революцій», – зазначив Лукашенко.

У Білорусі продовжується політична криза, пов’язана з багатотисячними протестами проти оголошеної владою перемоги на президентських виборах Олександра Лукашенка.

Він балотувався на шостий термін поспіль. Прихильники опозиції називають результати сфальсифікованими і закликають провести нові вибори, а також вимагають відставки Лукашенка.

Держави ЄС підсумки голосування в Білорусі не визнали, разом із ще низкою західних країн. Брюссель закликає Мінськ припинити переслідування учасників масових виступів і покласти край насильству з боку співробітників правоохоронних органів.

14 вересня в Сочі відбулися переговори Лукашенка з російським президентом Володимиром Путіним, який одним із перших привітав білоруського президента з перемогою на виборах 9 серпня.

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Turkey Accused of Coronavirus Cover-Up as Cases Rise

Doctors and local politicians in Turkey are voicing concerns that the government is downplaying the scale of the resurgent coronavirus outbreak. The latest official figures suggest there are around 1,700 new infections and around 60 deaths every day across the country – but doctors say the numbers don’t add up. As Henry Ridgwell reports, opposition politicians accuse the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of a cover-up.
Camera: Memet Aksakal and Henry Ridgwell   Produced by: Marcus Harton  
 

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US Sanctions 2 Russians in Crypto Theft Scheme

The U.S. government announced sanctions Wednesday on two Russian nationals for their role in the theft of at least $16.8 million worth of cryptocurrency.In the phishing scheme, which was conducted in 2017 and 2018, Danil Potekhin and Dmitrii Karasavidi allegedly created web sites that looked like legitimate currency exchange sites. Victims would enter their information, which was then used to access real accounts.The two, who were identified by the Treasury Department and the Department of Homeland Security, then allegedly laundered the stolen cryptocurrencies through multiple virtual currency exchanges using fake profiles.“The individuals who administered this scheme defrauded American citizens, businesses and others by deceiving them and stealing virtual currency from their accounts,” Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin said in a statement. “The Treasury Department will continue to use our authorities to target cybercriminals and remains committed to the safe and secure use of emerging technologies in the financial sector.”According to the statement, the government seized millions of dollars in virtual currency and U.S. dollars in an account owned by Karasavidi.

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У Франції засудили ексголову Асоціації легкоатлетичних федерацій за отримання хабаря від Росії

Суд у Франції 16 вересня визнав винним у корупційних діях і засудив до чотирьох років ув’язнення (два з яких – умовно) колишнього президента Міжнародної Асоціації легкоатлетичних федерацій (IAAF) Ламін Діака. Його також зобов’язали сплатити штраф у 500 тисяч євро (600 тисяч доларів). Він має право подати апеляцію.

87-річного чоловіка визнали винним у причетності до схеми хабарництва, яка дозволила російським спортсменам, що мали бути усунені за допінг, продовжувати участь у змаганнях, в тому числі на Олімпійських іграх 2012 року в Лондоні.

Викладаючи свою справу в суді, прокурори заявили, що Діак вимагав хабаря у 3,45 мільйона євро (4,1 мільйона доларів) від спортсменів, підозрюваних у махінаціях із забороненими речовинами, і платив гроші іншим посадовим особам IAAF за мовчання.

В перебігу судового розгляду Ламін Діак заперечував звинувачення в корупції, хоча визнав, що в період з 2011 до 2013 років він затягував розгляд російських справ про допінг, щоб врятувати спонсорську угоду із російським банком і уникнути публічного скандалу.

Його син Папа Массата Діак, який втік з Франції до Сенегалу, після того, як почалося розслідування, також постав перед судом і був засуджений до п’яти років тюремного ув’язнення і штрафу в 1 мільйон євро за участь в цій схемі.

Суд також зобов’язав обох чоловіків виплатити Міжнародній Асоціації легкоатлетичних федерацій, всесвітній керівній організації в легкій атлетиці, 5 мільйонів євро в якості компенсації за зловживання довірою. Ще четверо осіб у справі також були визнані винними в корупційних злочинах.

Діак, 87-річний сенегалець, у 1999-2015 років очолював Міжнародну асоціацію легкоатлетичних федерацій, яка тепер перейменована у World Athletics.

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«Ми не торгуємось»: Кличко після заяви «ЄС» про підтримку його кандидатури на мера Києва

Чинний мер Києва Віталій Кличко заявив, що його партія «УДАР» йде на вибори самостійно

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У МОН перед місцевими виборами попередили – політична агітація у закладах освіти заборонена

«Надходить інформація щодо залучення учасників освітнього процесу до участі в акціях і заходах окремих політичних партій…» – міністр

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Білорусь: Колесниковій висунули звинувачення

12 вересня ув’язнену Марію Колесникову перевели з мінського слідчого ізолятора до Жодинської в’язниці

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Researchers: North Korean Hackers In League With Russian Cybercriminals

North Korean hackers are probably working with Russian-speaking cybercriminals on ransomware and other malicious software, researchers said Wednesday.  
 
Security firm Intel 471 said in a report it found links between North Korean hacker group Lazarus, known for attacks on banks worldwide, and a Russian-operated malware operation called TrickBot.  
 
TrickBot is described in the report as a “malware-as-a-service offering, run by Russian-speaking cybercriminals, that is not openly advertised on any open or invite-only cybercriminal forum or marketplace.”   
It works with “top-tier cybercriminals with a proven reputation,” the report said.  
 
The Intel 471 report said other security researchers have pointed to possible links between the groups, but that its investigation found more evidence, including signs that malware developed in North Korea was offered for sale on Russian marketplaces.  
 
“Our conclusion is that we deem it likely that threat actors running or having access to TrickBot infections are in contact with DPRK (North Korean) threat actors,” the report said.  
 
“DPRK threat actors likely are active in the cybercriminal underground and maintain trusted relationships with top-tier Russian-speaking cybercriminals.”  
 
It added that “malware believed to be only used and probably written by DPRK threat actors was very likely delivered via network accesses held by Russian-speaking cybercriminals.”

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UN Sets Up Emergency Shelters for Lesbos Refugees After Fire

U.N. officials say they are erecting temporary shelters at lightning speed to accommodate thousands of refugees and migrants left homeless by the fire that destroyed the Moria Reception Center on the Greek Island of Lesbos last week.Asylum seekers are sleeping in makeshift shelters or out in the open, in fields, groves and parking lots.The U.N. agencies say they are working at top speed and expect to have enough emergency shelters set up soon to protect the more than 12,000 refugees and migrants who were forced to flee their flaming camp.The U.N. refugee agency’s representative in Greece, Philippe Leclerc, said his agency is providing hundreds of tents and distributing basic relief, including blankets, sleeping bags, mats and other items to cover people’s essential needs.“We have also provided chemical toilets and hand washing stations and are ready to provide additional water, hygiene and sanitation support that may be required. To prevent and mitigate the spread of COVID-19 asylum seekers are undergoing rapid COVID-19 tests,” he said.Leclerc said 20 people have tested positive and now are quarantined in a special isolation area. He said the Hellenic Army and non-governmental organizations are providing food and water to the asylum seekers.The U.N. children’s fund reports 3,800 children are among those affected by the fire at the Moria Reception center. It says it is caring for more than 400 unaccompanied minors. UNICEF notes there are enough emergency shelters to accommodate the children and their families, only 800 individuals have agreed to stay there.Refugees and migrants gather water next to destroyed shelters following a fire at the Moria camp on the island of Lesbos, Greece, Sept. 9, 2020.UNICEF representative in Greece, Luciano Calestini, said the circulation of false information and rumors is discouraging the refugees and migrants from moving to the new site.“The rumors pertain to the camp becoming another place of lockdown with very little access to leave. So, potential residents are expressing a fear that once they enter it will be another situation of being in a protracted displacement and dislocation,” he said.U.N. agencies are calling for long-term solutions to this untenable situation. The European Union has announced it will release its new Pact on Migration and Asylum next week.Agencies say they are looking for concrete action and hope the pact will translate into better protection for refugees and ensure a more manageable and fairer common European asylum system. 

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Law Giving Redress to Franco Regime Victims Divides Spain

From the outside, it seems like any other block of flats in Madrid.Inside, however, is the Fundación National Francisco Franco, or Francisco Franco National Foundation, an institution that preserves the memory of the man who ruled Spain for nearly four decades until his death in 1975.To some, it is a shrine to a fascist dictator, which should not exist in democratic Spain in the 21st century.To others, it guards the flame of a man who spared the country from communism, presided over its reconstruction after its devastating civil war, and saved it from being drawn into the Second World War.Almost every centimeter of the walls are filled with paintings or photographs of Franco while the offices contain important papers of state signed by El Caudillo (The Leader) which are consulted by historians.The foundation is now under threat after the Socialist government passed a law on Tuesday which will ban the organization for “glorifying the dictatorship.”A man carries one of the 46 coffins of unidentified people killed during the Spanish Civil War, at San Jose cemetery, Pamplona, northern Spain, April 1, 2019.The Democratic Memory bill, which must pass through the parliament and should come into force by the end of the year, will bring in a raft of 66 measures which, supporters say, will help Spain finally deal with a murky chapter of its recent history which it has ignored since returning to democracy in 1978.For the first time, public funds – totaling $533,000 – will be used to help families trace the remains of thousands of loved ones who were killed during the civil war and afterwards and their remains dumped in mass graves across the country.A DNA database will be created to help find 114,000 people who historians list as missing.It will also declare trials conducted during Franco’s rule null and void and appoint a special prosecutor to investigate human rights abuses carried out during that period.The Valley of the Fallen, with its huge mausoleum where Franco’s remains were buried for four decades until the Socialist government ordered their exhumation last year, will be turned into a civilian cemetery only for those who died on both sides of the civil war.Exhumation of a mass grave of Eugenio Insua, who is one of 17 people who were killed by the forces of dictator Francisco Franco in July 1936, at the El Espinar cemetery, Spain, Sept. 3, 2020.Lessons about the repression of political opponents under Franco will become part of the national school curriculum.Unhealed wounds  However, the bill is hugely divisive in a country which is still struggling to deal with this part of its past.Unlike Germany or Portugal, Spain is the only European country which has never addressed events of its wartime past, and of the long dictatorship that followed.Franco Exhumation Inflames Spain’s Political TensionsCritics accuse the government of ‘electioneering’ by having pushed the exhumation of the late dictatorAn amnesty law passed in 1977 prohibited retrospective trials relating to events during the Franco years.More than half a million people died during Spain’s 1936-1939 civil war that pitted leftist Republicans supported by the Soviet Union against rightist Nationalist forces led by Franco backed by Nazi Germany.  An estimated 120,000 people were killed during General Franco’s time in power while 450,000 were forced into exile, historians estimate.After Burundi and Cambodia, Spain has the highest number of mass graves in the world, according to the United Nations.Leftist political parties believe Spain must deal with this aspect of its past in order for future generations to come to terms with events under Franco’s rule.However, conservatives see the legislation as only reviving the wounds of a conflict which happened eight decades ago.Pedro Sánchez, the Spanish prime minister, tweeted: “Today we take another step in recognizing the victims of the civil war and the dictatorship with the Democratic Memory Law. Today we close the wounds a little more; we can look at the past with greater dignity.”Enrique Santiago, a member of parliament for the far-left Unidas Podemos alliance, the junior partner in the coalition government, said the legislation was an improvement on a law passed in 2007 which offered reparations for victims of Franco but it stalled after a conservative government came to power in 2011 and froze funding.Santiago said the new legislation provided state funds to search for missing victims, recognized those pressed into forced labor for the dictatorship, and will impose fines of up to $178,000 for glorifying Franco.“This bill does not go as far as Germany which prohibited Nazism. Unfortunately, there are sectors which still revere the dictator,” he told VOA.“We hope this (law) doesn’t produce a division. We hope that this establishes the international rights which should not bother anyone,” Santiago said.Spain divided  The sensitivity of the issue, however, was demonstrated by the swift response from the political right.The People’s Party, the largest opposition party, said the leftist government used Franco as an excuse not to address other problems. “Whenever Sánchez has a problem, he gets Franco out of the Valley of the Fallen,” said Javier Maroto, a party spokesman.General Juan Chicharro Ortega, president of the Franco foundation, said the organization would challenge the law in the courts.“This law is anti-democratic. It contravenes the Spanish constitution which guarantees the liberty of expression. It says you can only think one way and negates what half of Spaniards are thinking,” he told VOA.Santiago Abascal, leader of the far-right Vox party, the third largest in the Spanish parliament with 52 MPs, called the law “totalitarian.”Ciudadanos, or Citizens, a small center-right party, believes the government should address a health crisis which has seen the number of COVID-19 cases rise to over 600,000, the highest number if western Europe.“Of course we condemn the dictatorship but I think most Spaniards right now think the government should concentrate on trying to solve the problems of the pandemic, ” Melisa Rodriguez, a Ciudadanos parliamentary spokesman, told VOA.For the relatives of Franco’s victims, the new law will bring solace.When archaeologists were searching a mass grave last weekend, they chanced upon Eugenio Ursúa’s wedding ring, ending his daughter’s 84-year hunt for the father she never knew.“It was a lovely moment. I wanted to cry. We knew my father was buried here and it was a long wait to find him and now we have,” Rosa María told VOA.Ursúa, a 29-year-old father of two, was killed just days after the start of the civil war in 1936.He answered a call to defend the Republican government after Franco led an armed uprising but his unit was ambushed in El Espinar, 62 kilometers north of Madrid.Pending a DNA test, his remains will be buried next to those of his late wife.Rosa María, who was six months old when her father died, said,“For us the search is over. This law might give other families some help to find their relatives.”

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